Glosa Inter-Reti Diktionaria, "Centra"

Glosa Internet Dictionary, Glosa-English, "Core"

Persons who have - more or less directly - worked on this file:
Wendy Ashby (Glosa author), Paul Bartlett, Ron Clark (Glosa author), Charles Ganson, Robin Gaskell, Nick Hempshall, Gary Miller, William Patterson (former editor), Kevin Smith, Marcel Springer (maintainer of this list,

Date: see end of this file.

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a (before consonants without h, else prefer ad)  at (location); till; 
                   to; towards; up to 
a fini           at last; eventually; finally 
a latu           aside 
a-kron           punctual; till (until); until 
a-nu             hitherto; yet 
ab               away; absent; from; missing (not there); off 
abili            able; ability 
acide            happen; event; circumstance; incident; occur; 
                   pass (happen) 
ad (before vowels and h, else prefer a)  at (location); till; to; 
                   towards; up to 
ad-in            into; inward 
adamanta         diamond; very hard 
adi              add 
adora            adore; worship 
aero             air; atmosphere 
aeroplana        aeroplane; airplane 
agenti           agent 
agri             field; countryside; meadowland 
agri-lo          farm 
agri-pe          farmer; agricultural labourer 
plu agri-zoa     cattle 
agrikultura      agriculture 
agrio            wild; savage 
akidi            acid; sour; acute 
akorda           according to; agree; accord; acknowledge; consent; 
                   harmonize; league; match (v); treaty; unanimous; 
                   undertake; uphold 
akro             top (highest point); climax; end; peak; point (sharp); 
                   summit; tip (top) 
akti             act; do; behave; accomplish; action; active; commit; 
                   deed; does (form of to do); 
                   doing (participle of to do); perform; performance; 
                   take action; transact 
akti ma boni de  excel 
akti mali        insult; offence; offend; offense 
aktivi           active; busy; brisk 
aku              nail; needle; pin; prick (v); splinter; tack 
akuto            sharp; sharpen; shrill; acid ("sharp" taste); 
                   sour ("sharp" taste) 
alegro           cheerful; jolly; merry 
alelo            each other; mutual 
alexi            defence; defend; defense; guard; look after; protect; 
                   protective; safeguard; watch over 
algo             pain; ache; -algia; grief; hurt; painful; sore; 
ali              any (whatever); whatever (any) 
ali kron         ever (at any time); any time 
ali-kron         whenever 
ali-lo           anywhere; wherever (adverb) 
ali-mode         anyhow (anyway); anyway (anyhow); 
                   however (adverb, =in whatever way) 
ali-pe           anyone (whoever); whoever (anyone) 
ali-ra           anything (of every item you care to choose); whatever; 
alkoholi         alcohol; spirit (alcohol) 
alo              or; alternative; either 
alo ... alo      either ... or 
alterna          alternate; although; else 
alti             altitude; high; aloft; height; lofty; tall 
ambasadora       ambassador 
ambula           amble; stroll; walk; walking 
ami              friend; amiable; comrade; friendly; kind (friendly); 
                   lovable; warm (friendly) 
amo              love; like (love); affection; approve; approval; 
                   kindness; mercy; warm (friendly) 
amorfo           clod; lump; shapeless 
amusa            amuse; amusement; entertain; funny 
amusa-ra         entertainment 
an               he; him; his; male; masculine 
an-              (prefix:) male; male (prefix) 
an-fili          son 
an-galina        cockerel; rooster 
an-regi          king 
an-sibi          brother 
an-sponsa        husband 
ana              upwards; rise (go up); up 
anas             duck (animal) 
andro            man; gentleman; husband 
angeli           angel; messenger 
ankora           still (yet); yet 
ante             ahead; before (place); fore; front; in front 
anti             against; although; despite; hinder; hostile; 
                   in spite of; oppose; though; versus 
anti-co          although; but; however (=although it was so); 
                   nevertheless; though 
anti-ergo        lazy 
anti-krati       rebel; revolt; treason 
anti-lega        illegal; crime; criminal (adj) 
anti-pe          enemy; foe; opponent 
anua             year; annual; yearly 
anxio            anxiety; anxious; fret; fuss; haggard; uneasiness; 
aperi            open (adj); open (v) 
apis             bee 
apo              apart; away; remove; delete (computer); erase; 
                   pull out; skim; snatch away; subtract; take away; 
                   tear out; un-; whisk 
aqa              water (n); irrigate; liquid; soak; water (v); wet 
arca             arch (archway); archway 
area             area; domain; pitch; plot (ground); region 
arena            sand; arena 
argenti          silver 
arki             chief; official (adj); authority; govern; 
                   rule (authority) 
arma             arm (v); weapon; armor; armour; arms 
arme             army 
aroga            arrogant; arrogance; haughty; haughtiness; vain 
arti             art; ability; capable; skill 
artikla          article 
artri            joint; juncture 
asilu            asylum; harbor; harbour; haven; port (harbour); refuge; 
                   safe place; shelter 
asocia           associate; ally (v); ally (state); ally (person); 
                   association; partner 
astro            star 
atende           wait; await; delay; expect; hope; waiting 
atri             court; hall; courtyard; classroom; entrance (hall); 
                   hallway; lecture room; yard 
audaci           dare; daring; venture 
audi             hear; listen; hark 
auto             own (self); self; herself; himself; itself; myself; 
                   ourselves; themselves; yourself 
auto-kritici     conscience 
auto-lauda       haughty; pride; proud; vanity 
automati         automatic; self-acting 
auxi             help; advantage; aid; assist; grow (something); 
avanti           forward; advance; ahead; forth; move forward ; 
                   forwards; onwards; pro 
avi              bird 


babi             baby 
baci             bar; baton; rod; staff (rod); stick (baton) 
baia             bay; creek 
bali             throw; accelerate; cast (throw); dash (throw); fling; 
                   hurl; launch; post (send); send; toss 
bali ab          dismiss; dispose 
bali ex          banish; expel 
bali ex landa    exile 
baluna           balloon 
banana           banana 
banda            band; band (strip); bandage; ribbon; strip (band); 
banka            bank (money) 
bapti            baptize; dip 
barage (French)  barrage; dam (barrier) 
barba            beard; whisker 
basi             grounds; reason (n); base; basis; found (v); proof 
bate             bat; batter; beat; beating; hit; knock; smite; 
                   strike (hit); thrash (beat) 
bato             deep (distance); depth (distance); batho- 
beka             beak; peck; spout 
ben ge-ski       familiar 
benca            bench; bank (long seat); long seat 
bene-veni        welcome 
benzina          benzine; gasoline; petrol 
betona           concrete 
bi               two; both; double 
bi (after noun)  second (ordinal) 
u bi             pair 
bi kron          twice 
bi-ci bibli      these two books; both books 
bi-ciklo         bicycle 
bi-la bibli      those two books 
bibe             drink (v) 
bibli            book 
bibli-do         library 
bileta           ticket 
bio              life; living; vital 
bira             ale; beer 
bitumino         tar 
blada            blade; knife; dagger 
blasto-tem       spring (season); springtime 
bloka            block; obstruct; writing pad 
blonda           blond; fair 
bola             ball; sphere; throw (n); stroke (n) 
bomba            bomb; shell (bomb) 
bombasti         boast 
boni             good; bonny; fine (good); respectable; well (good) 
boni fortuna     luck 
boni-fortuna     fortunate; fortunately; lucky 
boteka           boutique; shop 
botilia          bottle; flask 
bovi             beef; cow; bovine; ox 
braki            arm 
brevi            short; abbreviate; abbreviation; brief 
brevi digi       thumb 
brevi tem        temporary 
brika            brick 
bronto           thunder; explode 
brosa            brush; broom; scrub; sweep 
bruno            brown; scorch; tan 
buka             cheek; cheeks; mouth 
bulbo            bulb 
buleta           bullet 
buli             boil; bubble 
buli-va          cooking-pot; kettle; saucepan 
buno             hill; mound; mountain 
buro             bureau; office; desk 
buro-pe          clerk; office worker 
bursa            purse; exchange (stock); wallet (for money) 
bus              bus; omnibus 
buta             aim; purpose; butt; goal; intention; object (purpose); 
                   score; target; task 
butiri           butter 
butona           button; knob (button); pimple 


campiona         champion 
carma            charm; charming 
carta            chart; map; diagram; graph 
casa             chase (hunt); hunt; hunting; pursue 
cede             cede; yield (give way); yield (cease opposition); 
                   abandon (give up); cease opposition; give up; 
                   give way; go (cede); retire; surrender; withdraw; 
                   do without 
cefa             chief; employer; main; major; master; patron; 
cefa vora        dinner 
ceka             cheque 
celebra          celebrate; acclaim; party (celebrate) 
celu             cell (living); cell (prison) 
cementa          cement 
centi            cent; hundredth; 
                   hundred (prefer hekto, take centi for hundredth!) 
centra           center; central; centre; centric; centrical; hub 
Cepa             onion 
cepti            receive; accept; adopt; pick up; take in; take up 
cerka            search; grope; quest; look for; seek 
certa            certain; a certain ; sure 
ceru             wax; beeswax 
ci               here 
ciano            blue; cyanic (blue); sky blue; celestial; heavenly 
cide             kill; murder; slay 
cigareta         cigarette 
ciklo            cycle; wheel; circle; circular 
cinera           ash; ashes; cinder; gray; grey 
cirka            circa; about; about (location); around 
cirkulati        traffic 
ciru             curl; ringlet 
cisori           scissors; shear 
civi             citizen 
civili           civil; polite; courteous; courtesy; meek; mercy 
civiliza         civilization; civilize 
civita           city; town 
-co (Italian. Only in compounds!)  the just said 
cokolata         chocolate 


daga             dagger; stab 
dama             subdue; tame 
datu             date (day) 
de               about; belong; concerning; from; in relation to; of; 
                   of (concerning); with regard to ; relating to; 
                   's (genitive marker); than 
debi             ought to; should; debt; duty; obligation; ought; owe 
debili           feeble; weak 
decide           decide; decision; determine; determination; judge (v); 
                   resolve; settle 
decimali         decimal 
defekti          defect; fault; deficiency; flaw; lack; be lacking ; 
                   be missing 
defi             challenge; defy 
deino            terrible; frightful; shock; terror 
deka             ten 
deklara          declare; announce; declaration; deem 
deko             decent; seemly; adequate; appropriate; apt; 
                   fitting (adj); proper 
delekta          delight 
delikate         delicate; dainty 
demanda          demand; ask for; charge; order (demand) 
demo             people; folk; population 
dendro           tree 
densi            condense; dense; thick (dense) 
densi-lo         bush (thicket); thicket 
denti            tooth; grin 
derma            skin; hide (skin); leather; peel 
designa          design 
desira           desire; wish 
deskribe         describe; description 
destru           destroy; destruction 
detekti          detect; find; discover; discovery; expose; scout 
dextro           right (hand); right hand; right-hand 
di               day; daily 
di kli           couch 
dia              through; thru; across; via 
diaboli          devil; diabolical 
dice             say; speak; tell; assert; declare; narrate; remark; 
                   speach; speech; talk; utter (speak) 
dice de          describe; discuss; mention 
dice mali        insult 
dice penite      apologize 
dice-ra          speech; statement 
difere           differ; difference; different 
difusi           broadcast; diffuse; scatter; spread 
digi             finger; toe; digital 
digni            dignity; worthy 
dina             force; compel; might (power); oblige; power; 
                   power (engine or computer); powerful; strength; 
                   vigor; vigour 
diplo            double 
dipso            thirst 
diptera          fly (insect) 
direkti          direct; direction; guide 
disci            learn; study 
disci-pe         pupil (learner) 
disipa           waste (use without good purpose); squander 
disko            disc; dish (plate); disk; plate; record (disc) 
diskusi          conference; discussion; discuss; talk 
disputa          dispute; quarrel; argue; conflict; quarrelsome; 
                   row (dispute); squabble; strife 
distribu         distribute; deal (cards); distribution 
divi             bet; wager 
divide           divide; division; fissure; schism; separate (v); 
                   share (v); split 
divina           guess; prophesy 
doci             teach; instruct; profess (teach); train (v) 
doci-pe          teacher; tutor 
domi             house; building; domestic; home 
dona             give; award; deliver (give); extra; furnish; grant; 
                   render (give); spare; supply 
dona sito a      feed 
doro             gift; present; present (gift) 
dorsa            back (n); dorsal; ass (buttocks); bottom; buttock; 
                   buttocks; hind (back); rump; rear (n) 
doxo             opinion; be of the opinion 
drama-an         actor (male) 
drama-fe         actress 
drama-pe         actor 
dromo            run; race (competition); gallop; scamper 
du               continue (-ing); -ing (continuous tense) 
dubi             doubt; hesitate 
duce             lead; priority; conduct; drive; guidance; guide 
duce-pe          leader; director; manager; pilot 
dulo             slave; servant 
dura             continue; still (continue); abiding; constant; 
                   continuous; durable; endure; hard (lasting); 
                   last (v); lasting; lasting (hard); permanent; 
                   persist; tough 
dura feru        steel 
dura vive        survive 
dusca (French)   shower (bath) 


e                and 
editora          editor 
eduka            educate; education; educational; learning 
efekti           effect (n); effect (v) 
egotisti         selfish 
eko              dwell; live (dwell); address; dwelling; household; 
                   inhabit; reside 
eko-lo           home; address; lodging; lodgings; tenement 
eko-preci        rent (n) 
ekonomi          economy; economic; thrift 
elasti           coil (spring); elastic; spring (coil) 
elefa            elephant 
elekti           elect; choose; appoint; ballot; choice; election; 
                   pick (chose); select; selection 
elektro          electric; electricity 
elementa         element; elementary; primary; simple 
emotio           emotion; expression 
energi           energy 
enigma           enigma; puzzle; riddle; problem 
epi              on; onto; upon 
eqa              equal; equality; be (equal); is (equals) 
Equs             horse 
ergo             work (n); work (v); business; job; labor; labour; 
                   occupation; on watch (ship) 
ergo-ma          fuel 
ergo-mensa       desk 
plu ergo-pe      staff (workers) 
ero              error; mistake; blunder; err; mis-; wrongdoing 
es               be; am; are; is; there is/are; 's (short for is); 
                   're (short for are); 'm (short for am); 
                   being (participle of to be); 
                   find oneself (in a place) 
es la            attend; be present; presence; exist 
espio            spy 
est              east 
establi          establish 
este             feel; conscious; consciousness; esthetic; perceive; 
este fobo        afraid 
etio             blame; accusation; cause; guilt; guilty 
eva              age; lifetime; period 
evita            avoid; dodge; shirk; shun 
evolve           evolve; develop; development 
ex               out from; by (marker of doer by passive voice); from; 
                   out; since 
exakti           accurate; exact; exactly; precise 
examina          examine; consider; examination; inspect; interview; 
                   investigate; probe; survey; test 
excele           excel; excellent 
excesi           excess; excessive; too (in a too high degree); 
                   very ((almost) too much) 
excite           excite; exciting; thrill 
excite viagia    adventure 
exempla          example; instance; pattern; sample; specimen 
exercise         exercise; drill (training); practice; 
                   train (practice) 
existe           available; exist; existence; extant 
exklude          exclude; exclusive; except 
expande          expand; expansion 
expande-lo       expanse 
expekta          expect 
experi           experience (n); experience (v) 
experimenta      experiment 
explika          explain; explanation; explicate 
explode          explode; burst; explosion 
exporta          export 
expresi          express; expression; utter (speak) 
extende          extend; spread 
extra            external; beside; out of; outdoor; outdoors; outer; 
                   outside; outward; outwardly; outwards 
extra landa      abroad 
extra-ve         coat 


(-)fa            set (n); bundle; group; bunch; cluster; sheaf 
faba             bean 
face             make; build; commit; construct; execute; forge (v); 
                   making; manufacture; produce (make) 
face-do          factory 
facia            face; features; surface 
facili           easy 
faktu            fact; factual 
fali             fail; failure 
fals akti        fraud 
falsi            false; wrong; cheat; deceit; deceive; dummy; fraud; 
                   lie (untruth); mistake; sham; treacherous; untruth 
fami             hunger; hungry 
famili           family; familiar 
famina           famine; hunger; starve 
famo             fame; famous; noted; prominent (famous); renown; 
                   reputation; well-known 
farina           dust; flour; powder 
fata             fate; destiny; lot (destiny) 
fatiga           bore (tire); fatigue; haggard; tire (v); tired; weary 
fatuo            absurd; dull (stupid); foolish; silly 
favo             favor; favour; favorable; favourable; on behalf of ; 
                   for (in favour of); partial (favoring); privilege 
fe               she; her; hers; female; woman 
fe-bovi          cow 
fe-fili          daughter 
fe-galina        hen 
fe-regi          queen 
fe-sibi          sister 
fe-sponsa        wife 
febri            fever 
feli             cat; feline 
femina           female; woman 
fenestra         window; window (computer) 
feno             seem; apparent; appear; appearance; look like (seem) 
feri             fairy 
feria            fair (bazaar); holiday; vacation 
fero             carry; bear (carry); convey; transfer; transport 
fero ci          bring 
fero-pe          carrier; porter 
fertili          fertile; dung (v); fertilize; manure (v); productive 
feru             ferrous; iron 
feru-via         railway 
festa            feast; festival; festive; festivity; fete; holiday; 
(-)fi            thread; wire; filament; fiber; fibre; strand; string; 
                   strip (of something); yarn 
fibri            fibre 
fide             confide; confidence; confident; entrust; faith; 
                   fidelity; loyal; loyalty; trust (confide) 
figura           figure 
fikti            fiction; fictional; form (v); pretend; shape (v) 
fili             offspring; daughter (or son); son (or daughter); 
                   child (son or daughter) 
filtra           filter 
fini             finish; end; abort; aim; complete; conclude; deadline; 
                   final; finally; goal; terminate 
fisika           nature; physics 
fiska            fiscal; tax 
fisu             crack (split); fissure; schism; split 
fixa             fix; firm; clasp; record (v); solidify; splint; tight 
fla              blow (air); draught; inflate; puff 
flaci            flaccid; floppy; weak; droop; lax; limp; slack 
flagela          whip; lash 
flama            flame; flare 
flasc            flash; lightning 
flavoro          flavor; flavour 
flexi            bend; bend (v); curve (v); flex 
flori            flower; bloom; flourish 
flu              flow; current; flood; fluent; fluid; flux; running; 
                   stream (v) 
fluvi            river 
fo(-) (short form of forti)  intense; strong; tight (strong); very; 
fo tekno         brilliant (intelligent) 
fo-amo           adoration; enjoy; fond 
fo-klina         steep 
fo-mega          huge; immense; monster; vast 
fo-soni          bang (sound); blare; loud 
fo-tenta         effort; exert 
fo-valu          precious 
fo-voci          scream 
fo-volu          desire; ambition; appetite; long (v) for; yearn 
fobo             fear; phobia; alarm; dismay; dread; fright; horror 
fobo-pe          coward 
folia            foliage; leaf 
fonda            background 
fono             -phone; sound (acoustic); aloud; voice 
fonta            fountain; source; spring (source); well (water) 
fora             hole; bore (hole); drill (v, make holes); leak; 
                   perforate; pierce; puncture 
fora-ru          borer; drill (tool) 
forma            form; shape; forge; mold; mould; sculpture 
formali          formal 
formika          ant 
formula          formula; prescription; recipe 
forti (or short form fo)  intense; strong; tight (strong); very; vivid 
fortuna          chance; casual; destiny; fate; fortune; likelihood; 
                   luck; probability; random 
fosi             dig; cavity; ditch; hole; moat; pit 
foto             light (n); light (v); bright; illuminate; 
                   photo- (light) 
fotografi        photograph 
fragma           barrier; hedge; enclosure (fences); fence; partition 
frakti           break; fracture; interrupt 
frase            sentence; phrase; speak 
freqe            frequent; often; frequency 
fresko           fresh; freshen; ventilation 
fria             crumble; smash 
frigi            cold; chill 
frigi-tem        winter 
frika            friction; rub (friction); wipe; graze; scrape 
fronta           brow (forehead); forehead; front 
frukti           fruit 
frustra          frustrate; disappoint; disappointment; disillusion; 
fu               will (future tense); adjourn; future; postpone; 
                   shall (future tense); 'll (future tense); 
                   be going to (future tense) 
fu-di            tomorrow 
fugi             flee; escape; run away 
fumi             fume; smoke 
fumi-tubi        chimney; smokestack 
funda            bottom; found (v); base; depth; foot (lowest part); 
                   foundation; ground 
funktio          function; useful; operate; operation; 
                   work (have the desired function) 
furka            fork; branch off; pitchfork 
furna            oven; bake; furnace; heater; stove 
fusi             pour; fuse; melt; shed (liquid); smelt (melt); spill 
fusili           gun; shoot; discharge (fire); fire (shoot); rifle 


galina           chicken; fowl 
game             marry; marriage; wed 
game-ritu        wedding 
gasi             gas; air 
gastro           stomach 
ge-face          artificial; made (participle of to make) 
u ge-face        produce (n) 
ge-face ex       consist 
ge-favo          favorite; favourite 
ge-fixa tem      term 
ge-flexi         bent; curved 
ge-frakti        broken 
ge-grafo akorda  contract 
ge-klavi         closed (locked); shut (closed); locked 
ge-mixa          mixed 
ge-nati          born 
ge-place         content 
ge-publika-ra    publication 
gele             jelly 
geli             freeze; ice (v) 
gema             bud; gem; jewel 
gene             become; get (obtain); receive; get (become); 
                   get (passive); gets (tense); getting; access (get); 
                   accomplish; acquire; come to be; gain; obtain; 
                   procure; turn into 
gene ma-boni     reform 
generali         general; generalize; universal 
geneti           genetic; inherit; hereditary 
gentili          gentle; kind; kindly; mild 
genu             knee; knee-joint 
geo              earth 
gina             woman; female; gyna-; lady; wife 
gipso            chalk; plaster 
gira             gyrate; rotate; whirl; revolve; spin; turn; twirl 
glabro           glabrous; smooth 
glacia           glacial; ice; icy 
gladia           sword 
glisa            glide; slip; slide; lapse; skate (on ice); skid; skim 
globula          bead 
glori            glory 
glosa            tongue; lick; language 
glu              glue; lime; stick (glue); size (glue) 
gluko            sweet; nice; comfortable; gentle; gentleness; lovely; 
                   pleasant; soft; softness; sweetness; tender; 
gluto            gulp; swallow; greedy 
gono             angle; corner; vertex 
gra              grass; fodder; lawn; turf 
gradu            degree; step; at the same time as; grade; pace; 
grafo            write; draw (sketch); design; script; sketch (draw); 
grafo-ru         pen; pencil 
grama            letter (mail); missive 
grama-ve         envelope 
gramatika        grammar 
grana            grain; corn; seed 
grandi           grand; magnificent; noble; stately 
grati            grateful 
gratia           grace; thank; thanks 
gratula          congratulate 
gravi            grave (serious); heavy; serious; especially; important; 
                   considerable; impressive; massive; solid 
gravi pro        concern 
grega            group; herd; party (team); party (political); crew; 
                   flock; gang; swarm; team 
gresi            walk 
gru              fit; adapt; agree; convenient; fitting; fitting (adj); 
                   install; mount; proper; property; relevant; set up; 
                   suit (v); suitable 
guarda           guard 
gumi             rubber; caoutchouc; gum; resin 
gusta            taste; taste (test) 


habe             have (own); have the quality of; 
                   has (form of to have, own); has the quality of; 
                   've (short for have, own); own (possess); possess; 
                   property (possessions) 
habe epi se      wear 
habe sati tem    afford 
habe sati valuta  afford 
habe-pe          proprietor; owner 
habitu           habit; custom 
harmoni          harmony; agreement; have an agreement ; harmonize 
hedo             fun (feeling); pleasure; gay (happy); glad; glee; 
                   good-humoured; happiness; happy; joy; like to; merry; 
                   pleasant; pleased; rejoice 
heli             sun; solar 
helika           helix; coil; propeller; spiral 
helikopter       helicopter 
heliku           helix; screw 
hema             blood 
herba            herb; grass; plant (n) 
hero             hero 
hesi             adhesive; stick (join); sticky; adhere; cling; 
                   glue (v) 
hetero           different; other; another; differ; difference; else; 
histori          history; story; historical; narrative; report 
holo             whole; complete; absolute; completely; entire; quite; 
                   total; utter (whole); wholly 
holo tem         ever (at all times); forever 
homi             human; human race; man; mortal; mankind; person 
homo             same; like (similar); alike; equal (nearly); likeness; 
                   rather like; resemble; similar; similarity; 
                   very like 
honesti          honest; honesty; sincere; upright (honest) 
honora           honor; honour; honesty; respect 
honora-abili     honorable; honourable 
horibili         horrible 
horizo           horizon; horizontal; across; boundary; lie (down); 
                   limit (n); lying down 
horo             hour; o'clock; time ((clock) time) 
horo-me          clock; watch 
horo-tabla       timetable 
horti            garden; park (n) 
hospi            guest 
hospita          entertain; hospitable; hospitality; lodge (v) 
hoteli           hotel 
humidi           humid; humidity; damp; dampness; moist; moisture; 
                   wet (v) 
humoro           humor; humour; disposition 


id               it; its 
idea             idea; thought; mental image; notion 
idio             unique; private; especial; identity; individual; 
                   own (adj); of his/her/its own (particular); 
                   particular; peculiar; separate (adj); special 
idio-stori       version 
ikno             track; footprint; Ichno-; track (v); trail 
imagi            image; picture (v) 
imagina          imagine; fancy; grasp (can imagine); imaginary; 
                   imagination; picture; image 
imedia           immediate; as soon as; at once (immediately); 
                   immediately; instantly; straight away; right away 
impakti          impact; blow (n); push; shock; stroke 
imperi           command; imperial; rule (authority); empire 
importa          important; considerable; great; importance; 
                   be important 
impude           cheeky; disgusting 
imuni            immune; safe; protected; protect; safety 
in               in; in (local); indoors; inside of; into 
in-ra            contents 
in-valuta        income 
indika           indicate; point to; hint; clue; designate; 
                   point (indicate); signal; trace 
industri         industry; industrial 
infanti          child; infant; kid (child) 
infanti-tem      childhood 
influ            influence; affect 
info             inform; information; announce; data; message; reveal 
info-bileta      label 
infra            below; beneath; inferior; under 
infra toga       skirt 
inklude          include; enclose; lock up; shut in 
insekti          insect 
insigni          flag; badge; emblem; ensign; banner 
instrumenta (long form of ru)  instrument; implement; tool; utensil; 
                   apparatus; tackle (n) 
insura           insurance; insure 
intelige         intelligent; cunning; shrewd 
inter            between; among 
inter-reti       internet 
interese         interest; interesting 
internatio       international 
intestina        intestine; bowels; gut 
intra            inside; below; in (indoors); indoor; indoors; inland; 
                   interior; internal; intimate; inward; inwards; under; 
intra-duce       introduce; introduction 
intra-ve         shirt; underwear; vest 
inventi          invent 
investi          invest 
invidio          envious; envy; jealous; jealousy 
involve          involve; wrap; wrap in; wrap up 
iso              identical; exactly like; as (equal); equal 
iso ... de       as ... as 
iso-tem          contemporary (event); simultaneous 
itera            again; insist; iterate; new (again); re; repeat; 
                   repetition; return 
iti              go 


ja               yes; agreed!; yeah 
janu             door; doorway; entrance 
joko             jest; joke; play a joke ; play (joke) 
ju- (short prefix form of juve)  young 
ju-an            boy; lad; youngster (male) 
ju-fe            girl; lass; miss (young woman); youngster (female) 
judika           judge (v); criticize; decide; umpire; verdict 
judika-pe        judge (person); magistrate; referee 
judika-ra        justice 
jungla           jungle 
jura             oath; swear oath; swear (oath); take an oath; curse 
jurnali          journal; magazine; newspaper 
justi            equitable; fair (equitable); fair (just); impartial; 
                   just; just (equitable); just (fair); justice; 
                   right (just) 
juve             young; youth; youthful 


ka               because; as (because); for (because) 
-ka (short affix form of kamera)  room; -room 
ka-co            hence (therefore); so (therefore); therefore 
kade             fall; cascade; drop (fall); lie down; topple; 
                   trip (fall); tumble 
kafa             coffee 
kafe             café 
kako             bad; evil; nasty; undesirable; very bad ; vicious; 
                   vile; wicked 
kako-fono        cacophony; clatter; din; noise; tumult 
kako-zelo        jealous; jealousy; envy; zeal 
kali             beautiful; decorate; handsome; pretty 
kalki            heel 
kalma            calm; soothe 
kambio           exchange 
Kamelus          camel 
kamera           room; accomodate; apartment; camera (apparatus); 
                   camera (room); chamber; hall 
kamera-fa        apartment; flat (apartment) 
kampu            camp; field 
kanali           canal; channel; ditch; drain; groove; gutter; furrow 
kanava           canvas (cloth) 
kancela          cancel; grating (n); gril; grille; lattice 
kancera          cancer; crab; lattice 
kandela          candle; candle (sparking plug); 
                   sparking plug (candle) 
kandi            glow 
kani             canine; dog 
kanona           cannon 
kanta            cantata; sing; song 
kapila           hair 
kapitala         capital (city) 
kapitali         capital (money) 
kapitana         captain; skipper 
kapitula         chapter; capitulate 
kapo             cape (land) 
kapri            goat 
kapsu            capsule; parcel; box 
kapti            catch; capture; grasp; seize; seizure; snare 
kapti piski      angle (v) 
karakteri        character; temperament; trait 
karbo            coal 
karcera          prison; cage; imprison; incarcerate; jail 
kardia           heart; core; hearty; warm (emotional) 
kardina          hinge 
karesa           caress; massage; stroke (caress); rub (caress); 
                   pet (caress) 
kareta           cart 
kargo            load; burden; cargo; charge; charge (load); duty; job; 
                   load (charge); pack (charge); task 
kargo-vagona     lorry; truck 
karni            flesh; meat 
karo             dear 
karpe            harvest; crop; pluck (harvest); reap 
u karpe          crop 
karpu            wrist; carpus 
karta            card 
kartona          cardboard; carton 
kasea            cheese 
kaso             case (example, at court, condition, event); 
                   in the case of 
kastela          castle; fort 
kata             down (adverb); downwards; sink; swoop 
katena           chain 
kauda            queue; tail (n) 
kauli            stalk; stem 
kausa            because; because of; as (because); cause; owing (v); 
                   since (because) 
kaverno          cave; cavern 
kavita           cavity; abyss; empty; hollow; hollowness; pit; vacant 
kefa             head 
kefa-ve          cap (hat); hat; hat (cap); hood 
kerami           ceramic; clay; earthenware; pottery 
kerati           horn 
ki               go; move; goes (form of to go); 
                   going (participle of to go) 
ki ab            leave; abandon (go away); depart; desert (v); go away; 
                   quit; retire; retreat 
ki ex            emerge; go out; issue; leave 
ki in            enter; get in; invade; penetrate 
ki kata          descend; sink 
kilo             kilo; thousand 
kine             move; motion; move oneself; movement; whisk 
kinema           cinema; motion picture theater; movie theater 
kla              call (telephone) 
klari            clear (distinct); clear (easy to see through); 
                   clear (evident); clear (bright); clear up; distinct; 
                   evident; explain; light (pale); obvious; pale 
klasc            clash 
klasi            class; classify; arrange; order (arrangement); rank 
klaudi           cripple; lame; limp 
klavi            key (lock); lock (v); close (with key); key (keyboard); 
                   plug (electric) 
klavi-me         lock (n) 
klepto           steal; plunder; rob; thieve 
klepto-pe        bandit; burglar; thief 
kli              bed; lie down; pass the night ; sleep 
kli-te           blanket 
klina            incline; bend over; bow (bend over); inclined; 
                   lean (rest against); list (of ship); pending; slant; 
                   slope; tilt 
kloro            green; chloro-; verdant; verdure 
klu              even; even (including); even (still); including; 
                   inclusive; still (even) 
kluba            club (society) 
klude            close (v); fasten (v); shut (v) 
ko (before consonants without h, else prefer kon)  with; together with; 
                   with (=together with); meet (by appointment) 
kognato          cognate; related 
koku             berry 
kola             neck; gorge; gullet; isthmus; throat 
kola-ve          collar 
kolekti          collect; gather; pick (collect) 
koleri           anger; angry; annoyance; choleric; furious; indignant; 
                   irritable; rage; temper 
kolumni          column; pole; post (pole) 
koma             clause; comma; piece (literary) 
komanda          command; order (command) 
kombina          combination; combine 
komerci          commercial; commerce; trade 
komika           comic; comical; funny; humorous; humourous 
komiti           committee; council 
kompani          company 
kompara          compare; comparison 
kompeti          compete; competition; contest; race (competition) 
komplexi         complex; complicated; elaborate 
komposi          compose; arrange 
kompositi        composite; composition; compound 
kompromise       compromise 
komuni           common; in common ; together; sharing 
komunika         communicate; communication 
kon (before vowels and h, else prefer ko)  with; together with; 
                   with (=together with); meet (by appointment) 
koncerto         concert 
konfesi          confess; admit; profess (declare belief) 
konfusi          confuse; mix; muddle 
konsili          advice; advise; counsel; recommend 
konski           conscious 
konsola          console (comfort); comfort (console) 
kontento         content; constituent 
kontinenta       continent 
konto            account; bank account 
kontra           contrary; opposite; against; backside backwards 
konversa         conversation; converse; talk 
kope             oar; row (a boat) 
kopi             copy; imitate 
kopula           couple; connect; join; link (connect(ion)); 
                   mate (v, animals) 
koragi           brave; courage; courageous 
korbi            basket 
korda            cord; rope; string; twine 
kore             dance 
korekti          correct; proper; right (correct) 
korina           club (stick); bat (n); cudgel; mace; truncheon 
koriza           coryza; cold (illness) 
korona           crown; corona; garland; wreath; wreathe 
korta            court; courtyard; yard 
kosta            coast (shore); rib; shore; side (shore) 
kotona           cotton 
krak             crack; crack (noise) 
krasc            crash 
kratera          basin; bowl; wash bowl ; vessel 
krati            be in force ; govern; government; manage; regime; 
                   rule (authority); steer 
krati-fi         rein 
krati-grega      government 
krati-pe         minister 
plu krati-pe     cabinet (ministers) 
krea             create; make; produce (make) 
kredi            belief; believe; confide; creed; entrust; rely; 
                   suspect; trust 
kredito          credit; lend 
krema            cream 
kremno           cliff 
kresce           crescent; grow; growth; increase; rise (grow) 
kriket           cricket (sport) 
krimi            crime 
kripti           hide; conceal; cryptic; hidden; mask (v); mystery; 
                   secret; stealthy 
krisi            crisis; critical (crisis) 
kriso            gold; golden 
kritici          criticize; critical (criticizing); rebuke; review; 
kroma            color; colour; dye; hue (colour); paint; tinge 
kron             time (instant); chron-; instant; moment; occasion; 
kruci            cross (n); cross (v); breed; crossing; crossroads; 
                   interbreed; intersect; traverse 
krudi            raw; blunt (rude); rough; rude; tasteless; uncouth; 
                   uncultured; vulgar 
kubi             cube; cubic 
kubita           elbow; nudge 
kuko             cook; bake; stew 
kuko-ka          kitchen 
kuko-me          stove 
kulti            cultivate; care for; raise (agriculture); 
                   tend (care for); till (cultivate) 
kumbe            lie down; lie (down) 
kumu             heap; accumulate; amass; crowd (n); hoard; lump; mass; 
kune             wedge 
kuni             cuniculus; rabbit 
kupa             barrel; tub 
kupra-zinka      brass 
kura             care; concern; accurate; administer; attend; 
                   attendance; attention; care for; careful; caution; 
                   mind (take care); regard (care); take care; 
                   tend (care for); tender; therapy; thorough; 
                   treat (therapy); ward (care); wary 
kura puta de     consider 
kura-pe          nurse (male or female); warden; warder; watchman 
kurva            curve (n); curve (v); bend (n); bend (v) 


la               there; over there 
labia            lip 
laboratori       laboratory 
laevo            left (hand); left-hand 
lakrima          tear (eye); cry (weep); weep (cry) 
lakti            milk 
laku             lake; loch; pool 
lakuna           lacuna; gap; abyss 
lamina           slice; plate; film; layer; laminate; pane; sheet 
lampa            lamp; glow; light (n); shine 
lana             wool 
landa            land; country (land) 
larva-fi         silk 
lase             let; allow; permit 
lati             wide; ample; breadth; broad; extensive; spacious; 
latu             side; lateral; flank; swerve 
lauda            praise; esteem; applaud; approval; approve; 
                   compliment (admiration); pay tribute to 
lava             wash; bath; take a bath ; bathe 
laxa             lax; loose; release; slack; unfasten 
lega             law; legal 
plu lega         constitution 
lega cide        execute 
lekto            read; reading 
lenti            lens 
plu lenti        glasses; spectacles 
lento            slow; delay; slowly; tardy 
lepido           scale (body cover); scale (lose or remove scales) 
leuko            white; bleach; whiten 
leva             lift; raise; hoist; shrug 
leva-ru          lever 
levia            light (not heavy); fickle; light weight 
liabili          responsible 
libe             free; set free ; freedom; absolve; independent; 
                   liberal; liberate; liberty; release; rid 
libe se          escape 
libe-tem         holiday; leisure; spare time; vacation 
libela           even (level); level 
liberali         liberal; generous; broadminded; kind (friendly); 
libra            balance; scales (weighing) 
lice             be allowed ; admissible; lawful; legal; legitimate; 
                   licence; license 
liga             ligature; tie; bind; attach; connect; join; 
                   knot together; tether; union; unite 
ligni            wood (substance); timber 
ligni-bloka      beam (wooden); log 
limita           limit (n); limit (v); bound; rather (somewhat); 
                   boundary; confine; frontier; modify; qualify; 
limo             mud; slime 
lingua           language; tongue 
linqi            leave behind; abandon (go away); abjure; forsake 
linqi ergo       resign 
lipo             fat (fatty); fat (substance); fatty; fried; fry; 
                   grease; greasy 
liqi             liquid; fuse; juice; liquefy; liquify; melt; thaw 
lisi             loosen; separate (v); analysis; isolate 
lista            list; catalogue; register (n); register (v); schedule 
literatura       literature 
lito             stone 
litora           littoral; shore; beach; coast 
litra            liter; litre 
livra            deliver 
logi             understand; understanding; grasp (understand); know; 
                   see (understand) 
logika           logic; logical; reason (n); reason (v); reasonable 
loka             place (extended); location (extended); area; deposit; 
                   local; position; region; site; situation; territory; 
                   put; install; lay; place (v) 
lokali           local 
longi            long (adj); along; length 
longi kavita     trench 
loqi             speak; speech; talk 
lose             lose; squander; waste (use without good purpose) 
lose este        faint (v) 
lose hemo        bleed 
luci             clear (easy to see through); translucent; transparent 
ludi             play (game); gamble; game; fun (play); sport 
lukta            fight; struggle; make an effort ; exert oneself; 
                   strive; wrestle 
lumi             light (n); illuminate; light (v); light up; luminous; 
luna             moon; lunar 
lustra           lustre; polish (n); polish (v) 


ma               more; -er (comparative marker) 
-ma (short affix form of materia)  material; stuff; matter; substance 
ma-amo           prefer 
ma-boni          adjust; better (n, something better); better (v); 
                   improve; improvement; revise 
ma-mali          aggravate; make worse ; worsen 
ma-mega          enlarge; extend; grow; increase 
ma ... de        more ... than 
magika           magic; charm; enchant; magic spell 
magika-pe        magician; wizard 
magneti          magnet; magnetic; magnetism 
major            bigger; greater; main; more 
makina           machine; engine; machinery; motor 
makula           mark; spot (mark, stain); stain; blot; blotch; smear 
mal-acide        accident; mishap; disaster; fail 
mal-fusi         spill 
malea            mallet; hammer (n) 
mali             bad; amiss; coarse; horrid; ill; illness; infirm; 
                   infirmity; malady; nasty; naughty; offend; shabby; 
                   sick; vicious 
mali fortuna     bad luck ; misfortune; unfortunate; unfortunately 
mali gresi       limp (v); reel (v) 
mali-dice        curse; slander; swear (curse) 
mali-kredi       superstition 
mama             breast (female); nipple (breast) 
mandibula        jaw; mandible 
manu             hand; hand over; handle (v); manage; pass (hand over); 
manu-pe          administrator; manager 
manu-va          bucket; pail 
manu-ve          glove 
margari          pearl 
margina          margin; border; brim; curb; edge; fringe (border); 
                   hem (border); kerb; rim; verge (border) 
mari             sea; marine 
marka            brand; mark; scratch; trace 
marketa          market 
marsu            pocket 
materia          material; stuff; matter; substance 
matina           morning 
matri            mother; dam (mother); mum (mother) 
matura           mature; ripe; ripen 
matura-pe        adult 
maxi             -est (superlative); most (superlative); maxi-; 
                   maximum; supreme; utmost 
maxi boni        best 
maxi dista       extreme 
maxi tele        extreme 
-me (short affix form of mekani)  mechanism; appliance; device; 
                   apparatus; machine 
medika           medical; medicate; treat (therapy) 
medika-ma        medicine; drug; lotion 
medika-pe        doctor (medical) 
mega             big; abundant; great; hearty; huge; large; lot (n); 
                   lot (many); a lot of ; lump; magnify; many; 
                   mass (many); mega-; much; pile; plenty 
mega valu        valuable 
mega vora        feast 
mega-preci       expensive; costly; precious; valuable 
mei              less; lessen; decrease; diminish; dwindle; minor; 
                   reduce; wane 
mekani           mechanism; appliance; device; apparatus; machine; 
                   hardware (computer); mechanic; mechanical 
melano           black; dark 
melodi           melody; melodious; sing; song; tune 
membra           member 
memo             remember; memory; recollect; retrospect 
menace           menace; threat; threaten 
meno             month; monthly 
mensa            counter (table); table (furniture) 
menta            mind (n); mental 
merge            dive; immerse; plunge; sink (plunge); submerge 
merito           deserve; earn; merit; worthy 
merka            buy; bribe; buy (v); purchase; ransom (v) 
merka-pe         buyer; customer 
plu merka-ra     goods 
mero             part; bit; piece; abstract; department; district; 
                   quarter (district); ward (division); division (part); 
                   fragment; instalment; morsel; part (rôle); rôle; 
                   partial (partly); partly; portion; section; share; 
                   slice (n) 
meso             middle; amid; average; between; centre; centric; 
                   centrical; mean (middle); medial; medium (middle); 
                   mid; moderate; normal 
meso frigi       cool 
meso termo       warm (temperature) 
meso-soma        waist 
metali           metal; metallic 
meteo            weather; climate 
metra            meter (metre); metre; metric 
metri            measure; dimension; gauge; mete (v); meter (v); 
                   size (measurements) 
mi               I; me; my 
mi auto          myself 
mikro            little; tiny; minute (tiny); small; petty; trickle 
mikroskope       microscope 
miliona          million 
milita           war; fight; battle; military; riot; strife 
milita-pe        soldier; warrior 
mini             least; minimum; smallest 
mini-ra          detail 
minus            without; lack; -less; minus; missing (not there); 
minuta           minute (n) 
mira             wonder; admiration; admire; amaze; amazement; astonish; 
                   astound; marvel; surprise 
mira-ra          miracle 
miso             hate; hostile; aversion; detest; distaste; loathe; 
                   spite; venomous 
misteri          mystery; mystic; mysterious; problem; unexplained; 
mite             send; envoy (v); ship (v); transmit 
mixa             mix; blend; mess; mingle; muddle; whisk 
mo               one; single 
mo (after noun)  first 
mo kron          once 
mo-bi            dozen; twelve 
mo-mo            eleven 
mobili           furnish; furniture; piece of furniture 
mode             mode; way (manner); way (method); fashion; approach; 
                   attitude; manner; method; style 
modela           model; pattern 
moli             soft; bland; mushy 
moneta           coin; coined money 
monito           advice; advise; admonish; warn; prevent (by advising) 
monstra          show (v); display; exhibit; expose; produce (show); 
                   reveal; show (n) 
monti            mountain 
monti-line       range 
morali           moral; chaste; ethical; ethics; morale 
morda            bite; nibble; snap (bite) 
more             custom; customs (ethical); habit; usual 
morta            dead; death; die 
morta-lo         cemetery; churchyard; grave (tomb); tomb 
moti             move; put; go; lay; move something; place (v); shift; 
motori           motor; engine 
mu               they; their; theirs; them; they (female); they (male) 
multi            many; abundant; much; multiply; numerous; plenty 
munda            world 
mura             wall 
Mus              mouse (animal); mouse (computer) 
musika           music 
muskula          muscle 
muta             change; affect; alter; inflect; transform; vary 


na               we; our; ours; us 
nara             narrate; tell; narrative; report 
narko            narcotized; drunk; drunken 
nasa             nose; flair; nasal; smell (v); sniff 
nasa-te          handkerchief; hankie; hanky 
nati             birth 
nati-di          birthday 
natio            nation; national; nationality 
natura           nature; natural 
navi             ship (n); boat; barge; vessel (ship) 
navi frakti      wreck 
u navi-fa        navy 
ne               not; omit 
ne akti          refrain 
ne foto          dull (not clear/bright) 
ne importa       never mind 
ne-ski           ignorant 
nebu             fog; haze; mist (fog) 
nece             necessary; have to; must; duty; essential; necessity; 
                   need; urgent 
nece-fa          equipment 
nefo             cloud; nepho- 
nega             deny; abstain; answer negatively; behave negatively; 
                   decline; negative (v); refuse; turn down 
negoti           business; negotiate; deal (business); do business ; 
                   negotiation; negotiations 
neka             drown 
nekto            swim (active); swimming 
neo              new; fresh; novel (new) 
nervo            nerve 
nervoso          nervous; anxious; eager; jittery; timid 
nesia            island 
neutra           neutral; neuter 
nexu             connect; attach; connection; connexion; 
                   interconnection; join (connection); junction; 
                   linkage; mating; merge; network; nexus; tie; union; 
ni               neither; nor 
ni ... ni        neither ... nor; neither ...nor 
nidi             nest 
niloni           nylon 
nivi             snow; snowy 
no               no 
no-cede          resolute 
no-dina          feeble; frail 
no-face          demolish; destroy; havoc; undo 
no-facili        difficult; obstacle; rude 
no-feno          disappear 
no-forti         faint 
no-funktio       out of order; useless; vain 
no-gravi         light (not heavy); petty; trifling; trivial; 
                   unimportant; whatever (no matter what) 
no-kali          ugly; unsightly 
no-kargo         discharge 
no-kine          motionless; not moving; stationary; 
                   still (not moving) 
no-kompara       contrast 
no-memo          forget 
no-poli          few 
no-profito       disadvantage; vain 
no-profunda      shallow 
no-puri          dirt; dirty; filthy; foul; shabby 
no-resista       weak 
no-sati          scanty 
no-semani        nonsense; senseless 
no-soni          quiet; noiseless; silence; silent; soundless 
no-stimula       dull (boring); boring (adj) 
no-sura          uncertain; waver 
no-tekno         awkward; clumsy 
no-vide          blind 
nodi             knot; node 
noktu            night; nocturnal 
noku             damage; harm; harmful; hurt; inflict; injure; mischief; 
                   noxious; spoil (damage); torment; wear out 
nomi             law; -nomy (suffix law) ; right (n); rule (standard); 
nomina           name; nominate 
non-akuto        blunt (not sharp); dull (not sharp) 
non-ami          enemy; foe; hostile; ill-feeling 
non-amo          disgust; mean (not nice) 
non-audi         deaf 
non-hedo         unhappy; grief; sad; sorrow 
nona             nine 
nord             north 
norma            normal; standard; conventional 
nota             note; notice; bill; observe; record; remark 
nova             news; news-item; piece of news 
nova-papira      newspaper 
nu               now; present (now); present (time); present time; 
nu-di            today; modern; nowadays 
nu-fu            just going to; just (time); presently (soon); soon 
nu-noktu         tonight 
nudi             nude; bare; naked 
nuki             nut; kernel; nuclear; nucleus 
nuli             null; nullify; nothing; abolish; abort; cancel; 
                   eliminate; naught; nil; no; repeal; zero 
nuli-kron        never 
nuli-lo          nowhere 
numera           number; count; digit 
numera panto-pe  altogether 
numera panto-ra  altogether 


obe              obey; execute; obedience; obedient 
obstina          obstinate; stubborn 
oceani           ocean 
ocide            west; western; occidental 
odio             odious; hate; detest; disgust; distaste; hatred; 
odoro            odor; odour; smell; aroma; scent 
ofere            offer 
ofere se         be a candidate ; run (for office) 
ofice            office; official (adj); clearance (customs) 
ofice-pe         officer; official (n) 
okasio           occasion; chance; opportunity 
okto             eight 
oku              eye; notice (with eyes); optical; peep; 
                   perceive (with eyes); see (look) 
oku-tegu         eyelid 
olea             oil; lubricant; lubrication; anoint 
oligo            few; several 
opresi           oppress 
orange (French)  orange (fruit) 
ordina           order (arrangement); order (series); ordain (priest); 
                   grade (v); rank 
organi           organ 
organismo        organism; being (n); organisation 
origi            origin; source 
Oriza            rice 
orkestra         orchestra 
orna             ornament; decorate; decoration; adorn; fancy 
orna-zo          bangle 
orto             upright; erect; straight; upright (direction); 
oscila           oscillate; swing; see-saw; shake; sway; vibrate; 
                   wag (oscillate) 
oskula           kiss 
osteo            bone 
oti              ear; bug (v); spy 
ova              egg 
oxidi            oxidize; corrode; rust 
oxigena          oxygen 


pa               -ed (past tense marker); did (past tense marker); 
                   had (tense marker); have (past tense marker); 
                   've (past tense marker); has (tense marker); 
                   last (previous); past 
pa(-)            past 
pa pote          could 
pa-di            yesterday 
paci             peace; pacify; peaceful 
paga             pay; payment; wage 
pagina           page 
paketa           package; packet; parcel 
paki             thick (stout); fat (thick); coarse; stout (adj) 
palati           palace 
paleo            old; aged; ancient; palaeo 
pali             palisade; pillar; pole; post (pole); stake (n) 
palidi           pale (in colour); pallid; wan 
palpa            examine (by touch); touch 
pani             bread; loaf 
panto (or short form pan)  all; every; both (if two) 
panto-lo         everyplace; everywhere; widespread 
panto-pe         everybody; everyone 
panto-ra         everything 
panto-tem        eternal; always 
papira           paper; roll of paper; strip (paper); strap (paper) 
para             beside; at side; by (beside); close to; next to 
u para           neighborhood; neighbourhood; vicinity 
parada           parade 
paraleli         parallel 
pardo            pardon; forgive; excuse; absolve (from sin or guilt); 
parenta          parent; mother (or father); father (or mother) 
parenta-fratri   uncle 
parenta-sorori   aunt 
parka            park (n); park (v) 
parlamenta       parliament 
participa        participate 
partikula        particle 
pasaporta        passport 
pasta            dough; paste; pastry 
patela           knee-cap; pan 
pato             sick; ill; suffer; disease; illness; infirmity; 
                   invalid; malady; plague; septic; sickness; 
                   sufferance; suffering 
pato-do          hospital 
u pato-pe        patient (n) 
patri            father 
pausa            pause; rest; stop 
pe (short form of persona)  one (person); one's; person 
-pe (short affix form of persona)  person 
pe-klepti        kidnap 
pedi             foot (end of leg); kick; paw; tread 
pedi-artri       ankle 
pedi-bola        football 
pedi-digi        toe 
pedi-lo          floor; ground; storey 
pedi-te          sock 
pedi-ve          shoe; footwear 
pedi-via         footpath; pavement 
pektina          comb 
peli             fur; fell (skin); skin 
pencila          pencil 
pende            hang; hang up; dangle; sag; suspend 
pende ex         depend 
pende-te         curtain; sling 
penite           sorry; condolences; regret; repent 
penta            five 
penta (after noun)  fifth 
pepsi            digest (digestion); digestion 
per              by means of; per; with (=by means of) 
perfekti         perfect; outstanding 
peri             around; ambient; siege; surround 
peri-lo          environment; neighbourhood; surroundings 
permito          permit; admission; admit; admittance; allow; let; 
persona          person; personal; somebody 
pesti            pest 
peti             fly (v); haste; hurry; rush; fall 
petitio          petition; appeal; ask; beg; implore; invitation; 
                   invite; request; requisition; try to get 
petro            rock; stone 
piano            piano 
pikro            bitter 
pikto            picture; illustrate; image; paint; painting 
pina             pen; feather; plume 
pipa             chirp; pipe; tube 
piperi           pepper 
pirata           pirate 
piro             fire; ablaze; alight; burn (v); combust; ignite; 
                   kindle; pyre 
piski            fish (n); fish (v) 
pla              ledge; shelf 
place            please; pleasure; give pleasure 
plaka            cake; block; flat-iron; pad (n); slab; tablet (slab) 
planeta          planet 
plankto          float; swim (float) 
planta           plant (n); plant (v); vegetable 
plastika         plastic 
plataforma       platform 
plati            flat (plane); wide; ample; broad; even (level); 
                   extensive; plane (flat) 
ple              fill; full; fully; hearty 
pleio            more (number) 
pleisto          most (number) 
plika            fold; dart (pleat); pleat; tuck (fold) 
plu              -s (plural sign); more than one; plural; some 
plu kron         sometimes 
plu-ci           these 
plu-la           those 
plu-tu           yours (single) 
plu-vi           yours (plural) 
plumpa           plump 
plus             plus; additional; also; and; another; as well as; 
                   extra; spare; too (also); with 
plus-co          also; besides; furthermore; moreover 
pluto            rich; resources; wealth 
pluvi            rain; shower (rain) 
pluvi skuta      umbrella 
po               after; since 
po meso-di       after noon; afternoon; P.M.; pm; post meridiem 
po-co            afterwards; then 
po-kron          late; delay; lateness; retard; retardation; tardy 
poda             leg; limb (leg); paw 
poda-te          stocking 
poda-ve          trousers 
poesi            poem; poetry; verse 
poeta            poet 
poli             many; abundant; lot (many); lump; mass (many); 
                   numerous; pile; poly- 
poli-pe          crowd (n); multitude; troop (crowd); throng 
polica           police 
polica-an        policeman; constable (male) 
polio            grey; gray 
polisi           policy 
politika         political; politics 
pomi             apple 
ponde            ponder; weigh; weight; consider 
ponti            bridge 
popula           people; popular; popularity; population 
porta            door; gate; port (opening in ship) 
posi             perhaps; may; maybe; might (possibility); 
                   might (possibly); possible; possibly; probable; 
posi-ra          possibility 
posta            mail; post (mail); post (send) 
poste            behind; astern; back (n); posterior; rear 
postula          postulate; assume; suppose; if 
potato           potato 
pote             able; can (be able); ability; capable; may; power 
pove             poor; miserable; pauper 
pragma           affair; deal 
praxi            practice; practise; able; act; acting; actuate; busy; 
                   do; doing; effect (v); effective; 
                   experience (v, resulting from practice); make; 
                   shrewd (resulting from practice); 
                   sensible (resulting from practice) 
pre              before (time); ago; a little while ago ; earlier; 
                   former; formerly; previous; prior 
pre meso-di      a. m.; AM; am (time); ante meridiem; before noon 
pre-kron         early 
pre-nu           already; former; formerly; once 
preci            price; cost; fare; ransom 
prefere          prefer; rather (more willingly) 
preka            pray; plea; prayer 
preka-pe         priest 
premi            premium; prize; profit; reward 
prende           take; gather; occupy; pick (take); pick up; 
                   pluck (pick); seize 
prepara          prepare; alert; preparation; prepared; provide; ready 
presa            press (v); crowd (v); crush; lean on; 
                   press (periodicals); pressure; print; squeeze; 
presidenti       president 
pretende         pretend; claim; make claim ; lay claim to 
primitive        primitive 
privilegi        privilege; right (n) 
pro              for; behalf; on behalf of ; for the sake of; 
                   in favor of; in favour of ; forward; 
                   forward towards 
proba            test; demonstrate; prove; rehearse; trial (try) 
probabili        likely; probable; probably 
problema         problem 
profesio         profession; profess (work) 
profito          profit; advantage; benefit; dividend; fruitful; 
                   prosper; succeed; success 
profunda         profound; deep (profound); depth (profound) 
prognosi         forecast; weather forecast 
programa         program; program (computer); programme; 
                   application (computer); software (computer) 
progresi         progress 
projekti         project (n); project (v); jut; stand out 
promise          promise; commit oneself; guarantee; pledge; undertake 
proposi          propose; proposal; nominate; suggest 
proprie          property (possessions); possess; 
                   one's own (possession); own (possess) 
protesta         protest; complain; complaint; grumble 
proto            begin; beginning; commence; first; at first ; found; 
                   go (begin); initial; institute (v); premier; primary; 
proxi            near; about; adjoin; almost; alongside; approach; 
                   approximate; approximately; beside; by (near); 
                   close (near); close to; nearly 
proxi kade       stumble 
proxi ne         hardly 
psiko            psyche; mind (n); psychic; psychical; psycho; soul 
ptero            wing 
publika          publish; advertise; advertisement; announce; public; 
                   publication; publicize 
pude             shame; loss of honour ; disgrace; disgust; 
pugna            fist; punch; fight 
pulmona          lung 
pulsa            pulse; push; jab; poke; pulsate; shove; throb; thrust 
pulve            powder; crush; dust; dusty; flour; grind; powder (v); 
                   powdery; shatter 
pulvina          pillow; cushion 
pumpa            pump 
punge            sting; itch; prick (v); puncture 
puni             punish; castigate; chasten; chastise; hurt; penalize; 
                   penalty; punishment; revenge; vengeance 
punkta           dot; full stop; period (dot); point (dot); punctual 
puri             pure; clean (adj); clean (v); purify; refine; sheer; 
pusi             small; little; insignificant; petty; slight; tiny; 
                   trickle; trifling 
pusi dendro      bush; laurel 
pusi preci       cheap 
pusi-do          hut (small house); cabin (small house); shed (n) 
pusi-fluvi       brook; creek (small river); rivulet; stream (n) 
pusi-valu        scorn 
puta             compute; think; calculate; idea; reckon; thought; 
                   trim (v) 
puta-me          computer 


qadra            frame; square; square (frame) 
qalita           quality; property (quality) 
qantita          quantity; amount; dose 
qanto?           how many?; how much? 
qarto            quarter 
qe ...?          ...? (question start) 
qestio           question; ask; curious; enquire; inquire; inquiry; 
                   inquisitive; query 
qi               which (relative pronoun); who (relative pronoun) 
qo-lo?           where?; whereabouts? 
qo-mode?         how ...? 
qo-pe?           what person?; which?; who?; whom? 
qo-tem?          when? 
qo?              what?; which? 


(-)ra            thing; affair; object (thing) 
rabi             rabid; crazy; mad; crazed; foolish; furious; raging 
rabi multi-pe    mob 
radar            radar 
radi             root; source 
radia            radiate; beam; bright; brilliant (light); radiating; 
                   radiation; radius; shine; splendid 
radio            radio; radio station; ray (spoke); spoke (ray) 
raila            rail (horizontal or sloping bar); rail (for trains) 
raketa           rocket 
rami             branch; bough; perch; ramify; stick (branch) 
rapi             seize; arrest; catch; grab; grapple; grasp; grip; 
rapidi           rapid; fast; hurry; in a hurry ; quick; rapidity; 
                   speed; speedy; snappy; suddenness; swift (quick) 
rari             rare; exotic; scarce; seldom; uncommon 
razia            raid 
razo             shave; scrape; graze; rasp (v); scratch 
re               again; afresh; re; recurrence; recursion; repetition; 
                   return to beginning; back to beginning 
re-uti           recycle 
reakti           react; answer; feed-back; heed; reaction; reply; 
                   respond; retort 
reali            real; accomplish; actual; carry out; execute; fulfil; 
                   fulfill; reality; realize (convert into a fact); 
recerka          research; investigate; investigation 
reduce           reduce; reduction 
refusa           refusal; refuse; turn down 
regi             regent; ruler; regal; royal; sovereign 
regula           control; organise; principle; regulate; 
                   rule (standard); ruler 
rekogni          acknowledge; recognition; recognize 
rekorda          record; record (sport) 
rektangula       rectangle; rectangular 
rekti            directly; straight 
relati           relate; relation; relationship; connection (relation) 
relativi         relative 
religio          religion; religious 
religio dice     sermon 
religio-do       temple; church; abbey 
repara           repair; cure; make good ; heal; mend; remedy; 
representa       represent; representative 
repti            crawl; creep; scramble 
republika        republic 
resista          resist; oppose; resistance; strength; strong; tough 
respekto         respect; heed; regard (respect) 
resta            rest (stay); remain; stay; stay behind; 
                   be left over ; linger; stay behind; surplus 
reti             net; connection (net); mesh; network; web (network) 
retro            backwards; ago; back again; backward; behind; go back; 
                   repel; set back 
ridi             laugh; laughter; mirth; ridicule 
rigi             rigid; stiff (rigid); obstinate 
rino             nose; muzzle; rhino-; snout 
risko            risk; danger; dangerous; dare; hazard; peril; random; 
ritmo            rhythm 
ritu             rite; ritual; ceremony 
rivali           rival 
rola             roll; rotate 
rondo            round; circular 
rosa             rose; pink 
rota             rotate; wheel; gyrate; helm; revolve; go round ; 
rota-zo          tire (tyre); tyre 
(-)ru (short form of instrumenta)  instrument; tool; utensil; implement; 
                   apparatus; tackle (n) 
rubi             red; blush; ruby; ruddy 
rubi-xanto       orange (colour) 
ruina            ruin; undermine 
rumora           gossip; rumor; rumour 
rupti            interrupt; interruption; break 
rura             country (rural); rural 


sadi (French)    sadistic; cruel 
saka             sack; bag; pouch; purse 
sakrifice        sacrifice 
sali             salt 
salta            jump; bounce; hop; leap; prance; skip 
saluta           greet; salute; compliment (greetings); greeting; 
                   regard (greeting); yours truly 
salva            save; rescue; reserve; reservation; 
                   save (computer file) 
sani             health; healthy; well (healthy) 
sankti           holy; sacred; saint (adj); saint (v) 
sapo             soap 
sapro            rot; decay; decline; foul; putrid 
sati             enough; adequate; ample; fulfil; fulfill; satisfaction; 
                   satisfactory; satisfy; suffice; sufficient 
scinti           sparkle; twinkle 
se               self; itself; itself (reflexive); oneself (reflexive); 
                   self (reflexive) 
sed              but; however (=although it was so) 
sedi             sit; seat (v) 
sedi-mo          chair; seat (n); stool 
seiso            shake; quake 
seka             cut; carve; chop; cleave (cut); excise; mow (v); 
                   slice (v); slit 
seka-ru          knife; razor (knife) 
sekretari        secretary 
sekuri           secure; security; safe; immune; sure 
sema             sign; beckon; gesture; mark; signal 
semani           mean (signify); meaning; signify 
semi             half 
senato           senate 
sensi            sense; feel; attitude; conscious; perceive; sensible 
sensitivi        sensitive; responsive; susceptible; tender; touchy 
separa           separate (v); distinguish; part (v); separate (adj); 
seqe             follow; consequence; effect (n); following; next; 
                   outcome; result; sequence; sequential; subsequent 
seri             series; course; list; order (series); row (n) 
serpenti         serpent; snake; twist (wind); twisting; wind along; 
                   wind (twist); wriggle 
servi            serve; service; be useful 
servi-pe         steward; waiter 
seti             seven 
setimana         week; weekly 
setimana-fini    week-end 
severi           severe; rigorous; stern; strict; stringent 
sexu             sex; sexual; sexy 
si               if; whether 
si ne ...        unless 
sibi             brother (or sister); sister (or brother) 
sibila           whistle; soothsay 
signatura        signature 
signi            sign; mark; signal; token 
signifi          signify; mean (signify); significance; significant 
sika             dry; arid; dried 
silento          silence; silent; hush; noiseless; soundless 
silva            forest; (growing) wild ; wood (woodland); woodland 
simia            ape; monkey 
simpati          sympathy; compassion; mercy; pity; suffer with; 
                   sympathetic; sympathise 
simpli           simple; simply; plain (simple) 
simpto           symptom; clue; hint; indication 
simul            at the same time; together 
singu            each 
sio              would (conditional tense); 'd (short for would) 
sistema          system; tidy; arrange; organize; systematic 
sito             food; feed; nourish; meal; repast 
sixa             six 
skala            stairs; ladder; staircase; stairway 
skapa            shoulder 
skeleto          skeleton; framework; rack; scaffolding 
skema            scheme; plan; design; draft; layout 
skende           climb 
skeni            scene; stage 
ski              know; knowledge 
ski de           aware 
skience          science; scientific; knowledge 
skizo            cut; division; fissure; schism; split; 
                   tear (separate) 
sklero           hard (not soft) 
sko              instruct; education; instruction; lecture; lesson; 
                   schooling; teaching; training; tuition 
sko-do           school; schoolhouse 
skope            look; aspect; look at; observe; observation; 
                   regard (look); search; view (v); watch 
skoto            dark; darkness; gloom; shade 
skuta            screen (general); screen (TV, video); 
                   folding screen ; shield (n); shield (v) 
snaza            sneeze 
so               so; like this; thus; in this way ; in that way 
socia            companion; fellow; partner 
sociali          social 
societa          society; association; company; organization; 
sofi             wise; -sophy; prudent; sage; wisdom; wise 
solemni          solemn; earnest 
solidi           solid; firm 
solo             only; alone; lone; lonely; on one's own (alone); 
                   solely; solo; solitary; solitude 
solo mo          single; singular 
solu             ground; soil 
solve            solve; dissolution; dissolve; solution 
soma             body; somatic 
soma kosina      mattress 
somni            sleep; asleep; slumber 
soni             sound (acoustic); aloud; chime; play (music); 
                   pronounce; pronunciation; ring (sound) 
sonia            dream 
spaci            space 
spasmo           spasm; jerk; jolt; jounce 
spata            spade; shovel; scoop 
spatula          spoon 
spe              hope; expectancy; wish (hope) 
speci            species; brand; class; genus; for example; 
                   kind (sort, species); sort (n) 
spekula          mirror; speculate 
spende           spend; exhaust; expend 
sperma           seed; pip 
sperma-tem       autumn; autumnal; fall (autumn) 
spina            spine; pin; thorn 
spira            breath; breathe; respire 
spiritu          spirit; soul 
splendi          splendid; glitter; gloss (shine); luster; lustre; 
                   shine; splendor; splendour 
spongi           sponge 
sponsa           spouse; bind; engage; promise 
sporta           sport; game (especially sport); 
                   play (especially sport); play (game) 
sporta-ra        play-thing; toy 
sta              stand 
stabili          stable; firm; stability; steady 
stagna           pond; pool 
stampa           stamp (v) 
stani            tin (Sn) 
statio           station; park (v); stationed; stop (station) 
stato            state (condition); condition; circumstance; situation; 
statua           statue 
statura          stature; height (body) 
status           status; rank 
stego            roof; ceiling 
steno            narrow; strait 
steno-via        alley; corridor; gangway; lane; passage 
sti              switch on; cause; put into gear ; set going ; 
                   induce; initiate; make (cause); set in motion ; 
                   prod; prompt; provoke; quick; reason (n); 
                   start (process); stimulate; turn on 
sti flo          launch 
sti hedo         cheer 
sti kredi        convince; persuade 
sti memo         remind 
sti more         accustom 
sti pato         infect; infection 
sti pote         enable 
sti ski          announce 
sti vigi         arouse; rouse; wake up 
stilo            pen; ball-point pen ; style 
stimula          stimulate; excite; goad; inspire; interesting; tempt; 
                   urge on 
sto              stop; abandon (give up); abolish; abort; abstain; 
                   cease; end; put an end to ; extinguish; finish; 
                   halt; interfere; obstruct; prevent; quell; 
                   strike (extinguish); suppress; switch off; terminate; 
                   turn off; upset (stop) 
sto ergo         strike (labor) 
sto-me           brake (n) 
stoma            mouth; oral 
stora            store; car-boot; supply 
stora-do         storehouse; barn; warehouse 
strategi         strategy; trick; cleverness; cunning; foxiness; shrewd; 
                   shrewdness; trap (trick) 
strepto          twist; coil (v); plait; sprain; twisting; 
                   wind (twist) 
stria            furrow; groove; line; stripe 
stru             build; construct; pile up 
struktura        structure; conformation 
stude            study; explore 
stude-pe         student; pupil (academic) 
stupidi          stupid; absurd; dull (stupid); ridiculous; ruffian; 
sub (don't mix with su)  below; under; beneath; lower; 
                   rather (somewhat); somewhat 
sub-ridi         smile 
subito           sudden; suddenly; abrupt; surprise 
submarina        submarine 
sucede           success; accomplish; pass an examination; profit; 
                   succeed; successful 
sud              south; southern 
sue              sew; sewing; stitch 
sufici           sufficient; enough; plenty; suffice 
sugesti          suggest; suggestion; nominate; propose 
sugo             suck; suck up 
sui              swine; pig; hog; pork 
sukro            sweet 
sukro-ma         sugar; treacle 
suku             succulent; juice; juicy; sap 
suma             sum; add; calculate; score; summing; total 
supa             soup 
supra            above; over; over (local); overhead; senior; superior; 
                   top; upper; upstairs 
supra-visi       supervise 
sura             sure; assure; certain; confidence; confident; confirm; 
                   of course; positive; undoubtedly 
surge            rise (go up); appear; arise; get up; loom (rise); 
                   show up 
susura           whisper; rustle 


taba             board; plank; slab 
tafo             -taph; tomb 
tako             fast; quick; brisk; haste; hasty; hurry; nimble; 
                   prompt; rapid; rapidity; rate; speed; speedy; sprint; 
                   swift (quick); velocity 
tali             such; such a 
tape             carpet; mat; rug 
tardi            late; delay; slow 
tasa             cup 
taxi             taxi; cab 
taxo             arrange; arrangement; classify; put in order ; 
                   order (arrangement); ordain (arrangement) 
te-do            tent 
tea              tea 
teatra           theater; theatre; theatrical 
tegu             cover; casing; ceiling; deck; eclipse; lid (cover); 
                   shelter; shutter 
tegula           tile 
teka             box; bin; case (container); chest (box); sheath; teak 
tekno            clever; craft; expert (adj); expertness; know-how; 
                   skilful; skill; skilled; skillful; smart (clever); 
                   technical; techno- 
tekno-mali       cunning; sly; wily 
tekno-pe         engineer; expert (n) 
tele             far; afar; distance; distant; farther; further; 
telefono         telephone 
teleskope        telescope 
televisio        television; TV 
tem              time (period); as (while); at (time); during; 
                   for (during); in (during); period; season; 
                   while (temporal) 
tem-dona         lease; lend; loan 
tem-gene         borrow; hire 
tem-uti          hire; lease; rent (v) 
tema             theme; subject; thesis; topic 
temperatura      temperature 
tempestu         tempest; storm 
tena             hold; keep; carry (support); clutch; conservation; 
                   contain; grip; have (hold); hold together; maintain; 
                   preserve; restrain; retain; stock (store); support; 
                   sustain; uphold 
tena-mo          cabinet (cupboard); cupboard 
tende            intention; aim; deliberate; goal; for (purpose); 
                   in order to; in order that; intend; intended for; 
                   intentional; object (purpose); purpose; so that; 
                   tend (intention); tendency; that (final conjunction); 
                   to (in order to) 
tensio           tension; stretch; span; strain; stretching (n); stress; 
tensio a         reach 
tenta            try; attempt; endeavor; endeavour; trial (try); 
                   tries (form of to try) 
tenu             fine (thin); lean (thin); taper; thin 
teo              god; theo- 
teori            theory; theoretical; rule (standard) 
tera             earth (the); soil; terrain 
terapi           therapy; cure; treat (therapy); treatment 
teritori         territorial; territory 
termo            hot; heat; fervor; fervour; warm (temperature); 
termo-tem        summer 
testi            witness (v) 
testi-pe         witness (n) 
tetra            four; tetra- 
tetra (after noun)  fourth 
texi             dissolution; weave (textile) 
textili          textile; cloth; duster; fabric; rag 
tigri            tiger 
timpani          drum 
tinta            ink; hue (colour); shade (hue); tint 
tintina          ring (sound); tinkle 
tipika           typical 
tipo             type (example); type (class); type (letter); 
                   type (write); blow (hit); clash; hit; knock; mark; 
                   print; rap; smack; strike; stroke (hit) 
tira (French)    drag; pull; tug (pull) 
tira-teka        drawer 
tisu             tissue; cloth; fabric 
titula           title 
tolera           tolerate; patient (adj); abide (endure); bear (endure); 
                   endure; patience; be patient ; tolerance; 
topika           theme; topic 
topo (or short form to)  place (punctiform); at (punctiform location); 
                   in (in a punctiform place); local; locale; 
                   location (punctiform); position; spot; 
                   where (relative, =at which punctiform place) 
toraci           breast; chest (anat) 
tortu            torment; torture; twist (especially if causing pain); 
tosto            early; soon 
toxi             poison; poisonous; toxin; venom 
traba            beam (n); girder; rafter 
traditio         tradition 
trakto           attract; pull; drag (v); drag (with computer mouse); 
                   draw (pull); tow; tug (pull) 
trakto in        absorb 
trans            across; traverse; horizontal 
translati        translate 
trapa            snare; trap 
trauma           shock; wound 
tremulo          flicker; flutter; quiver; shake; shiver; shudder; 
trena            train (railway) 
tresora          treasure 
tri              three 
tri (after noun)  third 
tribu            tribe 
tribuna          court of law; tribunal; platform 
tristi           sad; alas; dismal; grief; lament; melancholy; mourn; 
                   sadness; sorrow 
Tritikum         wheat 
tro (French)     too (in a too high degree); excessive; undue 
trompa           trunk (animal) 
tropi            turn; revolve; rotate; go round ; spin 
tropika          tropical; tropics; excessive 
tu               you (singular); your (singular); yours (single); thou 
tubi             tube; pipe; conduit; hose; pipeline; 
                   the tube (underground) 
tumo             swell (v); bulge; lump (on body); swelling; swollen; 
                   tumor; tumour 
tunika           dress; tunic 
turba            disturb; bother; disorder; distress; disturbance; 
                   embarass; irritate; trouble; upset (trouble); vex; 
turi             tower; turret 
tusi             cough 


u (before all consonants but h, else =un)  a; an; the; one; 
                   any (=a(n)) 
u-ci ('the here')  this 
u-la ('the there')  that (pronoun); yonder 
u-la kron        then 
u-mi             mine 
u-tu             yours (single) 
u-vi             yours (plural) 
ultima           last (ultimate); ultimate; farthest; final; 
                   latest (last); utmost 
ultra            beyond; ultra 
umbra            shade; shadow 
un (before vowels and h, else =u)  a; an; the; one; any (=a(n)) 
unda             wave; undulate; billow 
ungu             nail (finger); hoof; claw; fingernail; talon; ungula 
uniforma         regular; uniform (regular); homogeneous 
unio             meet (by appointment); assemblage; assembly; 
                   meeting (by appointment); rendezvous; union; unite 
unita            unit; unity 
universa         universe; universal 
universita       university 
unki             hook 
uno(-)           any (any/some); any- (any/some); some; some- 
uno-lo           somewhere 
uno-mode         somehow; someway 
uno-pe           somebody; anybody (somebody); anyone (someone); 
uno-ra           something; 
                   anything (=something, a thing, act or quality undefined or unspecified) 
ur(-)            original 
urani            heaven; sky 
urba-cefa        mayor 
urge             urge; emergency; press for; press (urge) 
ursu             bear (animal) 
uti              use; have at one's disposal ; employ; treatment; 
                   useful; using; utilize 


vaga             wander; ramble; roam; rove 
vagona           car; auto; automobile; carriage; vehicle; wagon 
vagona-do        garage 
vaku             empty; blank; vacancy; vacant; vacuous; vacuum 
vale             farewell; good-bye; goodbye; healthy; be healthy ; 
                   well (adj); be well 
vali             valley; vale 
valu             value; deserve; esteem; estimate; merit; 
                   reckon (estimate); worth; be worth 
valuta           money; cash; fee; fund 
valva            valve; tap (valve); faucet; leaf (of door) 
vani             vain; arrogant; empty (vain); 
                   futile (action without result); pointless; useless; 
                   in vain ; vanity; worthless 
vapo             steam; vapor; vapour; evaporate 
vari             vary; change; variance; variation; variety; various; 
(-)vasa (in compounds also -va)  container; jar; pot (vase); receptacle; 
                   tank; vase; vessel (container) 
-ve (short affix form of vesti)  clothe; clothing; dress; garment 
vegeta           vegetable 
veli             sail; vane (of windmill) 
vend a non-ami   betray 
vendo            sell; sale 
veni             come; arrival; arrive 
veni a           arrive at; come to; catch up with; overtake; reach 
venti            wind (air); ventilate 
verba            word 
verba-bibli      dictionary 
verba-lista      vocabulary; dictionary 
veri             true; truth; correct; genuine; indeed; sincere; truly 
verifi           check; check (verify); proof; verify; verify (check) 
vermi            worm; vermin 
versi            return; go back; back to begin; back to start; 
                   back (reverse); draw back; replace; restore; 
                   reversal; reverse; revert; turn; turn around; 
vespera          evening 
vespera-vora     supper 
vesti            clothe; clothing; dress; garment 
vesti-fa         suit (clothes); costume; kit (clothes) 
veto             forbid; prohibit; prohibition; veto 
vexa             worry; annoy; bother; disturb; molest; nettle (annoy); 
                   rile; vex 
vexa-ra          nuisance 
vi               you (plural); your (plural); yours (plural) 
via              way (road); path; road; street; track 
viagia           voyage; journey; travel; tour; trip (journey) 
viagia-pe        passenger; tourist 
vibra            vibrate; shake; swing; vibration 
vice             vice (in place of); instead; instead of; behalf; 
                   replace; substitute; your turn 
vide             see (look); look; view; vision 
vigi             awake; wake; alert; wake up; waken 
viki             village; -wick (village) 
viktimi          victim 
vikto            victory; win (victory); conquer; defeat; prevail; 
vini             wine 
viole            violate; violent; violence; assault; attack; rape 
violina          violin 
visita           visit 
vista            vista; view; visible; outlook; perspective; prospect; 
                   scene; scenery; seeing; seen (the); sight; spectacle; 
                   view (n) 
vitri            glass 
vive             live; alive; conscious; lively 
vive-ra          being (n); creature 
voci             shout; bark (dog); bawl; bellow; call; call (shout); 
                   exclaim; proclaim; roar; scream; screech; yell 
voka             voice; vocal 
vokali           vowel 
vola             fly (v); flight; make haste ; hurry; be quick ; 
volu             will; want; desire; be going to ; impulse; intend; 
                   need; require; voluntary; willing; willingness; 
volu akti        mean (intend to do) 
volu dice        mean (intend to say) 
volumi           volume (space); capacity; room; space; 
                   volume (amount) 
vora             eat; devour; meal 
vora mo          breakfast 
vora-do          restaurant 
voti             vote 
vulga            common; ordinary; vulgar 
vulne            wound; injure; injury; lesion 




xanto            yellow; blond; yolk 
xeno             foreign; strange; alien; bizarre; novel (strange); 
                   odd (unusual); queer; unusual 
xeno-pe          foreigner 




Zea              cob; maize 
zelo             zeal; zealous; enthusiastic; ardor; eager; enthusiasm; 
zero             zero; naught; nil; no; none; nothing; nought; null 
zigo             join (connection); connect; yoke 
zoa              animal; beast 
zoa-eko          den 
zona             zone; belt; ring (circular band); circumference; 
                   girdle; hoop 

Datu: 2013-04-30,